Solar power is a form of energy harnessed from the power and heat of the sun's rays. It is renewable, and therefore a "green" source of energy.
The most common way of harnessing energy from the sun is through photovoltaic (PV) panels - those large, mirror-like panel you've likely seen on rooftops, handheld solar devices, and even spacecrafts. These panels operate as conductors, taking in the sun's rays, heating up, and creating energy (and electricity).
Just like wind power, solar power is a virtuality unlimited and inexhaustible resource (unlike power produced from expandable fossil fuels). As technologies improve and the materials used in PV panels become "greener", the carbon footprint of solar power becomes smaller and smaller and the technique become more accessible to the masses.
Similarly to wind power, solar power is contingent upon the weather and the amount of sunshine present in a specific location. This means that geographical areas lacking in sunlight, or areas that frequently experience cloudy weather, may have difficulty utilizing solar power effectively.
-Every hour, the sun beats down with enough power to provide global energy for an entire year.
- It take an average of eight minutes for energy to travel from the sun to the Earth.
- Scientists have used solar energy to power spaceships since 1958.
- Most solar panels used today have an average life expectancy of between 20-40 years.
The Ministry has introduced few solar PV initiatives to encourage Malaysia's Renewable Energy (RE) uptake. From the RE town hall held on 12th July 2018, one of the key issues highlighted by the PV industry is the need to change the concept of NEM from the existing net billing to true net energy metering. This is will help improve the return of investment of solar PV under the NEM. Effective on 1st January 2019, the Net Energy Metering (NEM) will be improved by adopting the true net energy metering concept and this will allow excess solar PV generated energy to be exported back to the grid on a "one-on-one" offset basis. This means that every 1kWh exported to the grid will be offset against 1kWh consumed from the grid, instead of at the Displaced Cost previously.
The concept of NEM is that the energy produced from the installed solar PV system will be consumed first, and any excess will be exported to TNB on a "one-on-one" offset basis. This scheme is applicable to all domestic, commercial, industrial and agricultural sectors as long as they are the customers of TNB. The PV systems can be installed at available rooftops or car porch within their own premises.
Buying solar system is a great option if you're looking to:
1. Be the owner of your solar energy system
2. Maximize the financial benefits of solar
3. Maximize the electricity saving from solar power generation
What do we mean by "maximizing the financial benefits of solar"? Basically, if you buy solar system outright (with affordable upfront payment), you'll see more savings in the long run. That's because you won't pay monthly payments for years to your solar provider and, instead, will own the system from the beginning. That means you'll achieve more overall savings sooner than you would by leasing your solar energy system. As a solar energy system owner, you can reduce your electric bill by using the power your solar system produces. We think this one of the best reasons why people should consider buying their home solar panels without any financing.
Another way to maximize the financial benefits of solar, while minimizing its costs is to claim the green investment tax allowance (GITA) from the government.
Biipower will assist the customer to approach the financial institution for any loan facilities and helping the customer to obtain the tax incentive for solar system installation.
Biipower collaboration with reputable developer to offer solar leasing solution.
Set yourself up for potential savings.
With a solar PPA, we install solar panels on your premise and sell you the solar power it produces at a lower rate than what your utility can typically provide. Simply put, you get clean, solar electricity at a predictable rate.
Let us take care of the rest.
Pay a predetermined price for every kilowatt-hour of electricity your solar panels generate, either flat rate or fluctuated rate. We take care of solar energy system design, permitting, and paperwork, and provide a 15/20/25-year power warranty to ensure maximum savings.
Plus, we provide system maintenance and monitoring at no additional cost to you.
The Government has introduced the Net Energy Metering Scheme in November 2016 with quota allocation of 500 MW up to year 2020 to encourage Malaysia’s Renewable Energy (RE) uptake. The concept of NEM is that the energy produced from the solar PV installation will be consumed first, and any excess will be exported to TNB at prevailing displaced cost.
As an effort to encourage the NEM uptake, the NEM 2.0 was introduced on 1st January 2019, and the true net energy metering concept was adopted, where it allows excess solar PV generated energy to be exported back to the grid on a “one-on-one” offset basis. The NEM scheme were executed by the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (KeTSA), regulated by the Energy Commission (EC), with Sustainable Energy Development Authority (SEDA) Malaysia as the Implementing Agency (IA). The 500MW quota under the NEM 2.0 has been fully subscribed by 31st December 2020.
Due to overwhelming response from the PV industry and in an effort to boost the usage of Solar energy, the Energy and Natural Resources Minister via a press statement by KeTSA on 29th December 2020 has introduced the new Net Energy Metering 3.0 programme (NEM 3.0) to provide more opportunities to electricity consumers to install solar PV systems on the roofs of their premises to save on their electricity bill. The NEM 3.0 will be in effect from 2021 to 2023 and the total quota allocation is up to 500 MW. The NEM 3.0 will be divided into the following three (3) new initiatives/categories :-
|Initiative/Categories||Quota Allocation (MW)||Quota Opening Date|
|Program NEM Rakyat||100MW||1st February 2021 – 31st December 2023|
|Program NEM GoMEn (Government Ministries and Entities)||100MW||1st February 2021 – 31st December 2023|
|Program NOVA (Net Offset Virtual Aggregation)||300MW||1st April 2021 – 31st December 2023|
Concept for NEM Rakyat
Under the NEM Rakyat Programme, Domestic Consumer(s) who has a solar PV installation on the roof-top of their premises will consume the energy produced first, and any excess will be exported to the TNB grid. The credit to be received for such excess energy will be used to offset part of the electricity bill on a “one-on-one” offset basis for a period of ten (10) years of operation.
|Quota||Eligibility Criteria||Tariff Category||Capacity limits|
|100MWac||• Registered consumers of TNB in Peninsular Malaysia or a person applying to be a consumer of TNB |
• Domestic Consumer(s) who have not participated in any of the prior solar programmes;
*Domestic Consumer means a consumer occupying a private dwelling premise which is not used as a hotel, boarding house or used for the purpose of carrying out any form of business, trade, professional activities or services
|Domestic||•Single phase – 4 kWac |
•Three phase – 10 kWac
Concept for NEM GoMEn
The concept of NEM GoMEn is that the energy produced from the solar PV installation on Government premises will be consumed first, and any excess will be exported to the TNB grid. The credit to be received for such excess energy will be used to offset part of the electricity bill on a “one-on-one” offset basis for a period of ten (10) years of operation.
|Quota||Eligibility Criteria||Tariff Category||Capacity limits|
|100MWac||• Registered consumers or applying to be a consumer of TNB in Peninsular Malaysia|
• Government Agency(ies) who have not participated in any of the prior solar programmes;
*Goverment Agency means a ministry, department or statutory body established by the government at all levels of administration whether at the federal, state or district levels
including local authorities
The maximum capacity of the PV Installation shall not exceed 1,000 kW and subject to the following conditions:
a) for Medium Voltage Consumers, not exceeding 75% of Maximum Demand based on:
• the average of the recorded Maximum Demand of the past 1 year; or
• the declared Maximum Demand for Consumers with less than 1 year’s record; and
b) for Low Voltage Consumers, not exceeding 60% of fuse rating (for direct meter) or 60% of the current transformer (CT) rating of the metering current transformers.